spartina alterniflora phylum
Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. species Spartina pectinata Bosc ex Link species hybrid A short-term chronosequence was identified … JSON; GBIF; ... phylum Tracheophyta class Magnoliopsida order Poales family Poaceae genus Spartina species … The phylum Arthropoda (arthro = “joint”; poda = “foot”) includes insects, chelicerates, and crustaceans. Name Language; saltmarsh cordgrass: English: smooth cordgrass: English: englisches Schlickgras: German: glattes Schlickgras: ... Russian: Propose photo. Spartina Spartina densiflora Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Tribe: Zoysieae Genus: Spartina Schreb. 2, Jian-Gong Wang. Phylum Bacteria Vibrio cholera Cholera bacterium KINGDOM FUNGI Phylum Ascomycota Cryphonectria parasitica Chestnut-blight fungus Fusarium oxysporum Fusarium(wilt) fungus Phylum Oomycota Phytophthora cinnamomi Cinnamon fungus ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp.  It is described as intolerant of shade.. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. ... Lan, Y. et al. The hybrids produce enormous amounts of pollen, which swamp the stigmas of the native S. foliosa flowers to produce even larger numbers of hybrid offspring, leaving the affected native Spartina little chance to produce unhybridized offspring. S. anglica has since spread throughout northwest Europe, and (following introduction for erosion control) eastern North America. Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) dominates the low marsh habitats because it is more able to oxygenate its roots in reduced soils than saltmeadow cordgrass. view this species on IUCN Red List Spartina alterniflora Spartina grass can be found in brackish marshes, and mud flats. 1 * 1. Extent and degree of hybridization between exotic (Spartina alterniflora) and native (S. foliosa) cordgrass (Poaceae) in California, USA determined by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs). It has rhizoidal roots, which, when broken off, can result in vegetative asexual growth. (synonym) S. densiflora is presently one of the three most widely distributed species of the genus Spartina, along with S. alterniflora and S. anglica (Bortolus, 2006). Smooth Cord-grass in English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao in language. Recommended Citation Poaceae, Spartina alterniflora, Loisel.U. The roots are an important food resource for snow geese.  It grows in a wide range of salinities, from about 5 psu to marine (32 psu), and has been described as the "single most important marsh plant species in the estuary" of Chesapeake Bay. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. Kingdom Plantae ( 1PLAK ) Phylum Magnoliophyta ( 1MAGP ) Class Angiospermae ( 1ANGC ) Category Commelinids ( 1COMD ) Order … The community structures of … Phylum Arthropoda. Providers NZFLORA Provider Contribution Summary. ... class and phylum levels, members of the Venturiales order developed significantly denser populations in the rhizosphere sediments relative to the bulk sediments, regardless of plant phenotype. Taxonomy. Ayres, D. R., D. L. Smith, K. Zaremba, S. Klohr, and D. R. Strong. Anttila, C. K., R. A. S. anglica is a fertile polyploid derived from the hybrid S.alterniflora × townsendii (S. alterniflora × S. maritima), first found when American S. alterniflora was introduced to southern England in about 1870 and came into contact with the local native S. maritima. Category I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. Synonyms Chauvinia Steud. Callaway, J.C., and M. N. Josselyn. Peterson, PM , et al (2014) A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of, Bortolus, A , P Adam, JB Adams, ML Ainouche, D Ayres, MD Bertness, TJ Bouma, JF Bruno, I Caçador, JT Carlton, JM Castillo, CSB Costa, AJ Davy, L Deegan, B Duarte, E Figueroa, J Gerwein, AJ Gray, ED Grosholz, SD Hacker, AR Hughes, E Mateos-Naranjo, IA Mendelssohn, JT Morris, AF Muñoz-Rodríguez, FJJ Nieva, LA Levin, B Li, W Liu, SC Pennings, A Pickart, S Redondo-Gómez, DM Richardson, A Salmon, E Schwindt, BR Silliman, EE Sotka, C Stace, M Sytsma, S Temmerman, RE Turner, I Valiela, MP Weinstein, and JS Weis. 1999. , In Willapa Bay of Washington state, Spartina alterniflora was probably an accidental introduction during oyster transplants during the nineteenth century and may have dispersed from there to other parts of the state. Atlantic cordgrass. habitats. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Common names. Type species Spartina cynosuroides Roth. (20-50 cm) long, 1-8 in. Spartina alterniflora (thereafter, abbreviated as Spartina) was intentionally introduced from North America to Jiuduansha wetland in Yangtze River estuary, China, in 1997 (Yang et al., 2016). Foliage. Life in the Chesapeake Bay, 3rd ed., p.295. Spartina spp. Scientific Name Authority Loisel. Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id b71b8318-1270-40a3-9c48-145ae061d4eb According to Partridge, T. R. 1987: Spartina in … (synonym) Spartina brasiliensis Raddi (synonym) Spartina dissitiflora Steud. … Like its relative saltmeadow cordgrass S. patens, it produces flowers and seeds on only one side of the stalk. As of 2014, eradication efforts had reduced the infestation of S. alterniflora and hybrids in the San Francisco Bay Area by 96%, from 323 net hectares at its peak to 12 net hectares. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. 2004. 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